Ibogaine antagonizes cocaine-induced locomotor stimulation in mice

Abstract

Ibogaine (40 mg/kg i.p.), when given 2 hours before an acute injection of cocaine (25 mg/kg s.c.) to C57BL/6 mice, reduced the cocaine-induced locomotor stimulation. Such stimulation was also reduced in the ibogaine-treated mice when a second injection of cocaine was given 24 hr later. Thus, the reduction in locomotor activity was not just the short-term depression of locomotor activity seen after ibogaine administration. When mice were given a daily injection of cocaine for 3 days and ibogaine was given after the cocaine injection on day 3, and again on day 4, cocaine-induced locomotor activity was reduced three hours later on day 4. On days 5 and 9 of the cocaine administration, with no further ibogaine treatment ambulatory counts were still lower in the ibogaine-pretreated mice. Locomotor stimulation induced by amphetamine (10 mg/kg) was not affected by ibogaine. An acute injection of ibogaine resulted in a transient increase in turnover of dopamine, as indicated by the increase in the ratio of metabolites of the dopamine to dopamine, followed by a decrease in the metabolites in striatum and frontal cortex 24 hr later. In vivo treatment with ibogaine did not affect the binding of [3H]WIN 35,248 to the cocaine binding site in striatal tissue measured in vitro. In addition, ibogaine added in vitro had a weak affinity to the WIN 35,248 binding site (IC50 for cocaine = 120 nM and for ibogaine = 1,500 nM). The results suggest that ibogaine may have induced a selective change in the dopaminergic system that results in a decrease in responsiveness to cocaine that persisted for at least 1 week.

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