Differential effects of ibogaine pretreatment on brain levels of morphine and (+)-amphetamine

Abstract

Previous studies in rats have shown that ibogaine inhibits neurochemical and behavioral effects of morphine yet potentiates similar effects of (+)-amphetamine. To assess whether these different functional interactions have a metabolic basis, brain levels of morphine and (+)-amphetamine were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after ibogaine pretreatment (19 h before injection of morphine or (+)-amphetamine). Ibogaine pretreatment had no effect on brain morphine levels, either at 30 min or 2 h after morphine injection; however, ibogaine significantly increased brain amphetamine levels at 30 min and, to a greater extent, at 2 h after (+)-amphetamine injection. These and other data suggest that ibogaine irreversibly inhibits an amphetamine-metabolizing enzyme. The functional interactions between ibogaine and (+)-amphetamine, but not those between ibogaine and morphine, may result from a hepatic drug-drug interaction.

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