Cocaine discrimination is attenuated by isradipine and CGS 10746B


The discriminative stimulus properties of cocaine are thought to be mediated by dopaminergic mechanisms that may be modulated by calcium ion influx and/or interact with 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptors. To test these possibilities, rats were trained to discriminate between the stimulus properties of 10.0 mg/kg cocaine and its vehicle in a two-lever, food-motivated operant task. Once trained, rats showed a dose-related decrease in discriminative performance when tested with lower cocaine doses. An analysis of the dose-response curve indicated an ED50 value of 3.04 mg/kg. Pretreatment with the presynaptic dopamine release-inhibiting agent CGS 10746B (20-40 mg/kg) resulted in a dose-related decrease in cocaine discrimination with the highest dose significantly attenuating cocaine discrimination. Pretreatment with 10-30 mg/kg isradipine, a calcium channel blocker, also resulted in a dose-related decrease in cocaine discriminative performance. In contrast to these positive results, pretreatment with the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist MDL 72222 (3.5-7.0 mg/kg), or the same doses of ibogaine, did not significantly affect cocaine discrimination. The results suggest that cocaine controls differential responding in a discriminative stimulus task by mechanisms that involve presynaptic release of dopamine, which may be regulated by neuronal calcium influx through L-type calcium channels.



Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


©2012-2020 Global Ibogaine Therapy Alliance - Privacy Policy - Contact Us


Log in with your credentials


Forgot your details?


Create Account